João de Deus Secondary School (High School)
37° 1' 8.0" N, 7° 55' 18.5" W
João de Deus Lyceum
Faro Central Lyceum
João de Deus Secondary School
In 1941, the Ministry of Public Works announced the construction of a new building in Alto de Sto António (neighborhood in Faro) to serve the lyceum education by then operating in the João de Deus Lyceum (the name João de Deus was given to the lyceum institution in honor of João de Deus Ramos), current facilities of Tomás Cabreira Secondary School. The increasing number of students (school population of 700 students) and the consequent lack of classrooms for all subjects was the main reason for this decision. The construction works began two years later.
In 1948, the school is renamed to Faro Central Lyceum, for there is not another in the region. It is also this year that Faro Central Lyceum started working in the now completed building in Alto de Santo António. The opening ceremony was chaired by then Minister of Education Dr. Fernando Pires de Lima, took place on 1948, 28th April with the official handover of the building to the Ministry of Education.
18 years later, in 1966, was again renamed to it's previous name of João de Deus Lyceum.
After the revolution and change of government in April 25, 1974, the the Portuguese education system underwent major changes that were put into practice until 1979. The lyceum and techical education were eliminated in 1975 and superseded by the Unified General Courses and the 10th and 11th years (previously 6th and 7th years). Thus, in 1978, the João de Deus Lyceum became the João de Deus Secondary School (High School), with the 12th grade also covered starting the following year.
In 1986, the Portuguese education system again underwent major changes: the Unified General Courses (7th, 8th and 9th years) became the Basic Education 3th cycle therefore, thus resulting in the Secondary School no longer covering these school years and instead focusing only on secondary education (optional), which included the 10th, 11th and 12th years. This process wasn't immediate because, by then, the new schools (newly built or under construction) didn't have enough capacity for all students of the new 3rd Cycle of Basic Education, so the João de Deus Secondary School (High School) continued to teach the 9th year of education until 1990.
From 2009, Secondary Education became mandatory until the age of 18 years and / or its end.
The Lyceum institution in Faro began in 1836, as National Faro Lyceum, but was only formalized the January 3, 1851 by decree of Queen Maria II. The classes were ministred in the São José Seminary. In 1908, the School was transferred to the building of the current Tomás Cabreira Secondary School, where it remained until 1948. Here, in João de Deus Secondary School, lasted until the expiry of the Lyceum in 1975.
Professor. Dr. José Neves Junior was a professor of geography at this school.
Professor. Dr. Joaquim Magalhães was Portuguese teacher at this school where he also served as the Rector
On top of the school entrance we can find a coat which is written the following sentence:
"A ESCOLA NÃO É TORTURA NEM BRINQUEDO É SIM ESTUDO
NÃO É CARCERE NEM PATEO É SIM TEMPLO JOÃO DE DEUS"
"THE SCHOOL IS NOT TORTURE OR TOY IS YES STUDY
IS NOT JAIL OR PATEO IS YES TEMPLE JOÃO DE DEUS"
This phrase is not easy to read with the naked eye and I found that many Faro citizens even having studied here (me included), are unaware of its existence ... I found it through this picture taken with zoom only for the purpose of photographing the coat.
Comparison of the city that surrounds this school. They are 60 years face to face:
Before April 25, 1974, when there was still the Lyceum and Vocational Thechinal Education, social discrimination was rife nation-wide but in Faro there was a peculiar curiosity: the Commercial and Industrial School students nicknamed the Lyceum students the Bifes (the Steaks). The feedback from the Lyceum students was the nickname Costeletas (the Chops) for the Commercial and Industrial School students.
From 2010 until 2012, the School undergoes major changes in its structure. This video shows some steps in this refurbishment. During 2011, both the house of "Bifes" (Steaks) as the house of "Costeletas" (chops) are in the works, being deeply redone. (Video authoring Youtube user: BEESJD)
- http://dre.pt - Electronic Official Gazette "Diário da República"
- http://www.sg.min-edu.pt - Ministry of Education and Science